Доклад опуликован в рамках III Областной научно – практической конференции учащихся на английском и немецком языках «Культурное наследие стран изучаемого языка», посвященной 350-летию Дж. Свифта, 25 февраля 2017.
Грекова Ангелина Юрьевна, Ведяйкин Иван Петрович,
Степанов Иван Алексеевич; обучающиеся,
МОУ Сынковская СОШ, Г. о. Подольск,
Руководитель: Кишмарова Татьяна Михайловна,
учитель английского языка
Hello! My name is Angelina.
My name is Ivan. We are the pupils of Synkovskaya secondary school.
You know, it is natural for human nature to make fun of other groups whether it be those from another village, town, city, country, ethnic group or tribe.
However, Irish jokes or «Paddy» jokes depict the Irish as stupid and lazy thickos.
Yes, I agree with you, Ivan. Irish jokes are racist. In Britain anti-Irish racism was rife because of the 'troubles' and the jokes were the acceptable face of it.
It may seem surprising, but the story of Ireland is both more complicated and more tragic than anyone of you could possibly suggest.
Let us clear up the story of who did what to whom, and why.
To start with, negative English attitudes to Irish culture and habits date as far back as the reign of Henry II and the Norman conquest of Ireland.
In 1155 the Papacy gave Henry II permission to invade Ireland to sort out the Irish Church.
This is when the trouble became big trouble.
Well, I think the problem happened because the Irish kings saw Henry not as an imperial conqueror at all, but as their protector against the Anglo-Norman barons.
I think you're probably right. They did homage to Henry as they would to any High King, building the ritual hall through which they entered as his men, promising him one of every ten of their cattle hides in tribute.
It's true. This was the moment when Ireland lost her freedom. But unfortunately, no one at the time saw it that way at all.
To tell the truth, although a large part of Ireland came under the control of the invaders, there was not much direct control from England during the Middle Ages.
However, in the 16th century Henry VIII of England quarreled with Rome and declared himself head of the Anglican Church, which was a Protestant Church.
Ireland remained Catholic, and did not accept the change. So Henry VIII tried to force Irish Catholics to become Anglican. He also punished them by taking a lot of their land.
That's terrible! And what's more, Oliver Cromwell best known as God's executioner arrived in 1649, determined to make Ireland into a Protestant country.
His forces brutally killed thousands of men, women, and children, and his violent persecution is one of the most bitterly remembered events in the culture and history of Ireland.
Yes, Angelina. It's shocking! For example, did you know that hundreds of Irish Catholics, including women and children, had sought refuge in a cathedral on the Rock of Cashel were burned to death.
Goodness me! That's awful!
Nevertheless, this policy was continued by Henry's daughter Elizabeth I.
Moreover, in the late 19th century Ireland faced the Great Hunger.
The fact is that most of the potato crop was destroyed by a plant disease. Potatoes were the main food of the poor in Ireland then, and about a million people died for lack of food.
At least another million people left Ireland for Britain and America because of the famine.
However, it has become totally acceptable to direct casual 'potato jokes' at Irish people since then.
That would be offensive, I suppose. Look!
I guess that's a very graceful joke about the Irish famine!
But this time I don't agree with you, Angelina. Frankly speaking, the Irish people have never forgotten that the British government had not done enough to help the poor people during the hunger. Since then the history of Ireland welcomed a new chapter: the Irish Nationalist movement.
It's true. Many Irish groups fought for Irish independence from Britain, equal rights for Catholics, and land reform.
At last, after a long and bitter struggle the southern part of Ireland declared itself a republic in 1949, and is now known as the Irish Republic.
It is completely independent, and its capital is the city of Dublin.
At the same time, Northern Ireland had its own Parliament and government which was responsible for its province's life.
But from the beginning the Parliament was in the hands of Protestants, while the Catholics did not have equal rights with the Protestants.
As a result, in 1969 a conflict started between these groups, and so the British government closed the local parliament and sent in the British army to keep the peace.
But there was no peace, and there have been many deaths since then. On the Catholic side is the IRA (Irish Republican Army) which wants to achieve a united Ireland.
All in all, after all these years of confrontation the people of Northern Ireland understand that only through peace talks and respect for the rights of all the people (both Catholics and Protestants) can peace be achieved in the province.
In conclusion, I just want to say: recent events show that after the talks between London and Dublin, and the end of terrorist activities between the two communities there is much hope that the age-old conflict will be solved, and that peace and progress will be established in Northern Ireland to the benefit of its population.
We joke about the Irish being drunk and foolish, but it's still the one nationality that everyone wants to be a part of.
Список использованной литературы:
1. BBC - History - British History in depth: Invasions of Ireland from 1170-1320.[Электронный ресурс] .- Режим доступа: http://www.bbc.co.uk/ historybritish/middle_ages/ireland_invasion_01.shtml
2. Ireland Jokes. [Электронный ресурс] .- Режим доступа: http://jokes4us.com/miscellaneousjokes/worldjokes/irelandjokes.html
3. Tim Lambert. A brief history of Ireland. [Электронный ресурс] .- Режим доступа: http://www.localhistories.org/irehist
4. Test your Irishness with this fun quiz/ [Электронный ресурс] .- Режим доступа: http://www.irishcentral.com/roots/how-irish-are-you-take-the-quiz.